Ollantaytambo is an Inca archaeological site in southern Peru some 60 kilometers northwest of the city of Cuzco. It is located at an altitude of 2,792 meters (9,160 feet) above sea level, Ollantaytambo lies in an area the Inca people once called the Sacred Valley and this marvel of architecture once served as both a temple and a fortress,. Mainstream historians claim Ollantaytambo was built around 1440 AD by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti. Archaeologists today, believe Ollantaytambo was built upon the ruins of a far older city and they are not sure of the origins of that city.
One of the most interesting places in Ollantaytambo is the Gateway of the Gods, which was build several thousand years before the Inca arrived to Ollantaytambo, according to researchers it was built by a culture called the Urin Pacha, that name was given because researchers have no idea who they were where they came from or where they went. It is clearly evident that the earliest parts ofOllantaytambo dates to at least 12,000 years old, if not older.
“From the research, I have been able to determine this was built by the Arak civilization. The Arak people are as ancient as what would be the equivalent to Adam or the first humans.” – Jesus Gamarra
Ollantaytambo is a marvel of engineering and architecture, its a fortress, complex city and many question have been raised throughout history regarding the construction of this ancient site. Today one of the most asked question probably is in regard to the incredible sized blocks of stone that were used in the construction. Some of these over-sized rocks are found at the highest levels of Ollantaytambo, particularly six of these monoliths that are placed in a line, according to researchers they were brought to Ollantaytambo from another mountain, across the plain, river and then they were brought up the mountain. So now the question is HOW DID THEY DO THAT?
How did the ancients manage to first of all, cut these rocks out of the mountain, than transport the across the plains, bring these heavy stones across the river and then bring them up and position them up the mountain? According to many archaeologists who have had the pleasure of examining these incredible ruins, the ancient builders of Ollantaytambo managed to accomplish these precision cuts and shapes with the use of rock and bronze tools. In my personal opinion I find it hard to believe that stones, that have almost perfect angles and in some cases are as smooth as glass were manipulated ONLY with the use of said tools, because it is something that we today would have trouble recreating with our modern day equipment.
Engineers and logistic experts have said that to move some of the stone blocks from Ollantaytambo (and some of them weigh over 50 tons) we would need several power tools and different power vehicles. It is not that easy to bring up a stone block that weighs 50 tons up a mountain, and to think that this was accomplished without the aid of some sort of technology is just illogical. The one thing that is strange is that even though archaeologists say that bronze and stone tools were used to shape these rocks, no evidence of said tools has been found yet at the site so the question still remains, how was this accomplished?
What is even a bigger mystery is the way the ancient builders at Ollantaytambo managed to put together all of these rocks after cutting, transporting and shaping them. The stones at Ollantaytambo are so perfectly put in place that you cannot insert a piece of paper in between them, they are locked into place in a way that just defies all logical explanation, it is simply amazing how they managed to do this. When you look closer at the stone placement at Ollantaytambo, the stones seemed to be put in place by some kind of extreme heat source that was able to soften the stones and then allow them to adjust and fit perfectly into place.
Featured image / Image Wikipedia. Source: Ancient Code