According to a new study, the universe we live in may be a ‘vast and complex hologram’. Furthermore, our perception of life in 3D may only by an illusion. For the first time ever, a team of physicists has provided some of the clearest evidence yet that our Universe could be just one big ‘hologram’.
The existence of a ‘holographic universe’ was first proposed in the 1990’s and indicates that all information, which makes up our 3D ‘reality’ is in fact contained in a 2D surface on its boundaries.
While the idea of a holographic universe has existed for decades until NOW, this bizarre theory has never been tested.
However, recent mathematical models seem to suggest that the revolutionary and controversial principle could be true.
The researchers of the study came to this conclusion after investigating the irregularities that were found the be present in the ‘afterglow’ of the Big Bang.
Researchers suggest that they have found substantial evidence which supports the existence of a holographic universe. This finding will transform our knowledge of the entire universe they add.
Scientist from the university of Southampton, together with colleagues at the University of Waterloo (Canada); of the Perimeter Institute (Canada); of the INFN, of Lecce (Italy); and the University of Salento (Italy), believe there is as much evidence for this theory as for traditional explanations for these irregularities. Their study has been published the journal Physical Review Letters.
Speaking about the discovery, Professor Kostas Skenderis, of mathematical sciences at the University of Southampton, said:
“Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field. The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card.”
“However, this time, the entire universe is encoded.”
Researchers say that their theory can be compared to watching a movie in 3D.
Even though the movie itself is not a ‘hologram’, as the pictures we see have height, width, and depth, it all originates from a FLAT 2D screen.
Scientists say there is one crucial difference: in our 3D universe, we can touch objects and the ‘projection’ is ‘real’ from our perspective, he said.
As explained by ScienceAlert, the entire idea is that the volume of space is ‘encoded’ on a boundary – or an observer-dependent gravitational horizon – which means it requires one less dimension than it appears.
“Imagine that everything you see, feel, and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field,” says one of the team, Kostas Skenderis from the University of Southampton in the UK.
“The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms, where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card. However, this time, the entire Universe is encoded.”
I’m confused, are we living in a hologram?
Not quite. In fact, researchers say they’re far from proving that our early Universe was actually a holographic projection, but the fact that observational evidence from the real world could explain missing parts of the laws of physics in two dimensions means we can’t reasonably rule it out.
Niayesh Afshordi explains that their model does not prove that we are all living in a hologram since their model applies to the universe at its VERY early stages.
The question of how things transitioned from two dimensions to three is now anyone’s guess.
“I would say you don’t live in a hologram, but you could have come out of a hologram,” Afshordi told Gizmodo. “[In 2017], there are definitely three dimensions.”
Featured image: Prometheus/20th Century Fox