We found a world that we had never imagined. There are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found compositions with up to eleven dimensions.
In what many hail as a revolutionary discovery, a scientific study has found multidimensional structures inside the human brain.
Many researchers agree that the human brain can easily be said to be the most complex system in the universe, and despite the fact we cannot be sure if this is an anthropomorphic vision of reality, the truth is that its function and mysteries continue to surprise scientists.
Now, a scientific study fueled, even more, the mystery surrounding our brain, as experts have found what they consider are “up to 11 different dimensions inside the human brain.”
A team of scientists led by Henry Markram has discovered that the brain operates in up to 11 different dimensions, producing multidimensional formations “that we had never imagined”.
The discovery may sound very confusing to readers, but I’ll try and simplify it as much as possible.
The team of researchers, who are studying the brain in an effort to replicate a ‘functional brain’ (this is referred to as the Blue Brain program and you can read more about it here), used an advanced mathematical model to unveil the hidden architecture of the brain, which becomes patent when information is processed.
This is known as an algebraic topology and is described as using both a microscope and a telescope while sciencing the sh*t out of it, as the Matt Damon would say.
“Algebraic topology is like a telescope and microscope at the same time. It can zoom into networks to find hidden structures—the trees in the forest—and see the empty spaces—the clearings—all at the same time,” study author Kathryn Hess said in a statement.
The team discovered that the human brain forms groups of neurons called cliques.
Within these groups, each neuron connects with all others and produces a geometric object; the greater the number of neurons, the larger the dimensions.
Scientists were able to observe up to 11 different dimensions, which have been called cavities.
Scientists explain that the so-called ‘cavities’ are a kind of hyperdimensional hole that emerge to process the information and then disappear.
These cavities occur as the geometry of information processing.
When visualizing this, one of the researchers, Ran Levi described the observed by saying:
“It is as if the brain responds to a stimulus by building then razing a tower of multi-dimensional blocks, starting with rods (1D), then planks (2D), then cubes (3D), and then more complex geometries with 4D, 5D, etc. The progression of activity through the brain resembles a multi-dimensional sandcastle that materializes out of the sand and then disintegrates,” he said.
According to Henry Markram, director of Blue Brain Project, this could explain why the brain is so hard to understand: the mathematics we use cannot detect multidimensional structures.
“The mathematics usually applied to study networks cannot detect the high-dimensional structures and spaces that we now see clearly,” he said.
“We found a world that we had never imagined. There are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to eleven dimensions.”
The study was published in Frontiers of Computational Neuroscience.