Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient necropolis near the city of Menia, south of Cairo.
In the eight tombs of the funeral city, archaeologists have found more than a thousand statues and four dozen sarcophagi in pristine condition.
The archaeological site is located six kilometers north of another archaeological site called Tuna al-Gabal. The excavation work is scheduled to last for 5 years, in an attempt to uncover all burials in the cemetery, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.
Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Anani said: “We will need at least five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new discovery.”
For the moment, the archaeological mission has found a group of tombs and burials belonging to the priests of the ancient Egyptian god Thoth, the main deity of nome 15 (administrative division in ancient Egypt) whose capital was al-Ashmounein.
One of the uncovered tombs belongs to a high priest of the god Thoth, Hersa-Esei.
The tomb houses 13 burials in which archaeologists discovered a large number of shabti figures carved in earthenware.
Experts also found a collection of 1,000 statuettes in very good condition, while the rest of the statuettes were found fragmented into smaller pieces. The researchers are collecting all their pieces for restoration.
Archaeologists also came across four canopic jars made of alabaster with lids showing the faces of the four sons of God Horus.
Archaeologists report that the jars are in a very good condition and still contain the mummified internal organs of the deceased. The jars are decorated with hieroglyphic texts that show the name and the different titles of its owner, the high priest ‘Djehuty-Irdy-e’, whose mummy was also found.
Archaeologists note that the mummy of high priest ‘Djehuty-Irdy-e’ is decorated with a bronze necklace that represents the ancient Egyptian God Nut stretching his wings to protect the deceased according to the ancient Egyptian belief.
The mummified remains are also decorated with a collection of precious pearls, as well as golden bronze leaves, two eyes carved in bronze and adorned with ivory and crystal pearls.
Four amulets of semi-precious stones were also found on the mummy. It is also decorated with hieroglyphic texts, one of which is engraved with a phrase saying: “happy new year”.
Archaeologists also came across 40 limestone sarcophagi of different shapes and sizes.
Some of them were found having anthropoid tops decorated with the names and different titles of their owners.
Another discovered family tomb houses a collection of gigantic sarcophagi of different shapes and sizes, with ushabti figures bearing the names of their owners who were priests of the gods during their lifetime.